Stressful lives, lack of exercise and poor diet are contributing factors to hypertension and high blood pressure. Most people know about these risk factors and how to prevent them. The problem is that many patients who are at risk for hypertension and high blood pressure issues are missing vital knowledge. There are certain aspects of both illnesses that patients in potential high-risk categories should know about.
1. Hypertension and high blood pressure are one in the same. Though some doctors, nurse practitioners and medical articles may refer to them as separate issues they are, in fact, the same illness.
2. Each patient should know the two basic terms, which are systolic and diastolic pressure. The systolic pressure is how much force is behind the blood or the real pressure of the blood as it moves through the body. The diastolic pressure is the pressure between heartbeats. The systolic number is always given first when giving a blood pressure reading. An example is a reading of 120 over 80. The 120 is the systolic and the 80 is the diastolic.
3. Patients who are at risk for hypertension should know the different levels of blood pressure, as well as the meaning of each level. For example, a normal blood pressure reading is 120 over 80.
4. Hypertension blood pressure readings have two stages. Stage one is any reading with a systolic pressure of 140-159 and a diastolic pressure of 90-99. Stage two is any reading with a systolic of 160 or higher and a diastolic of 100 or higher.
5. There may be no signs or symptoms to high blood pressure or hypertension. Chronic headaches and chest pains, however, may lead to a diagnosis of high blood pressure complications related to other illnesses.
6. Changes in diet, increased exercise, weight loss, decreases in alcohol consumption and lowered stress levels are ways for preventing or reducing the issues associated with hypertension.
7. Some over the counter medications that contain pseudo-ephedrine can increase the risk for hypertension.
8. Patients should be aware of the drug interactions and possible hypertension side effects of their current prescriptions. If you are not sure of the complications speak with a pharmacist to make sure there are no severe interaction issues.